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HAPV MODELS
25 Litre Water Wheel
2 x 25 Litre Pannier
2 x 25 Litre All Terrain Cart
25 / 50 Litre Tilt Cart
Multipurpose Happy
HAPV Harnessing
HAPV Wheels
HAPV Visibility
TRANSPORT SOLUTIONS
       
25/50 LITRE TILT CART

  • Tilting device : Manageable by young/old
  • Has suspension : Gentle on animals
  • 25 kg loads : Manageable by one goat
  • Pushing handles : Human-assisted if required
  • Wood carrier : Multi-functional option
  • Reflective finishes : Improved visibility

HAPV IMPACT

One human or animal powered vehicle (HAPV) could benefit a few families in a rural community. A hundred thousand HAPV’s could have a major effect on several million rural inhabitants and South Africa as a whole, impacting positively not only on general health, social structure and nature – but also on empowerment, upliftment, self-reliance and poverty alleviation i.e.
  1. DIRECT BENEFICIARIES & BENEFITS


  2. Women

    • Empowerment, improved status and independence
    • Time for more productive activities
    • Better personal and family health
    • Improved family and social structures
    • Greater availability of essential resources

    The Elderly

    • Greater mobility and independence
    • Better health and status within the community
    • Can contribute more and longer to the community

    The Disabled

    • Greater mobility and independence
    • Better health and status within the community
    • Can contribute more and longer to the community

    Children

    • Better health, more time and energy
    • All-weather school transport
    • Improved education and quality of life
    • Can contribute more to the community

    Farmers

    • Improved crops – can transport water and manure
    • Better returns – timeous delivery to markets
    • Increased off-set – can travel further a field

    Vendors

    • Improved returns – can carry more and travel further

    Existing Enterprise

    • Can improve, expand and diversify with transport

    New Enterprise

    • Many transport and animal related opportunities


  3. INDIRECT BENEFICIARIES & BENEFITS


  4. Business Incubator

    • Tutors and managers: Income potential
    • Learners: Multiple manufacturing skills-training
    • Future franchisees: Multiple manufacturing and managerial skills-training

    Animal Training Centres

    • Tutors and managers: Income potential
    • Learners: Acquiring of animal care and training skills
    • Future franchisees: Acquiring of animal care and training management skills

    Factory & Animal Training Centre Owners

    • Empowerment and independence
    • Increased income potential
    • Improved family life and community status

    Existing Enterprise

    • Improved reach and distribution of FMCG, commodities, life essentials, medical and general services
    • Increased demand for local manufacturing materials
    • Increased demand for local tyres
    • Opportunities in the creation of relevant infrastructure
    • Increased demand for – and value of traction animals
    • Increased demand for veterinary products
    • Increased demand for feeding – and traction material

    Financial Institutions

    • Micro business loans
    • Animal and ‘wheels’ financing


  5. GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENT RELATED BENEFITS


  6. Agriculture

    • Improved yields and more diversified crops – transport for water and manure
    • Better returns – timeous market delivery
    • Greater produce off-set – further reach
    • Increased value of traction animals
    • New breeding, training and animal trading opportunities

    Correctional services

    • Manufacturing skills and animal training facilities could be established within correctional institutions
    • HAPV franchises could be established (outside) for the re-integration of offenders into communities

    Education

    • Improved learner reach, health, energy and concentration
    • Removable HAPV canopies could double-up as outdoor classrooms and/or shade areas
    • Courses in animal care and training for learners

    Environment & Tourism

    • Multiple ‘micro’ tourism empowerment opportunities in terms of city, nature reserve and beachfront sight-seeing tours
    • Other transport empowerment opportunities in rural resorts
    • Availability of HAPV’s could make it possible to banish the travois or sledge throughout South Africa, thus eliminating a (suspected) contributor to soil erosion
    • Increased value of traction animals (e.g. donkeys) and animal training could result in better animal and pasture management and lessen the pressure on rural habitat

    Health

    • Increased water and fresh produce supplies
    • Improved hygiene and general health
    • Improved reach of medical services and health promotion
    • Greater mobility for the disabled, ailing, frail and the aged

    Labour (SETAS)

    • Multiple (ongoing) manufacturing, management and animal skills-training opportunities at the ‘Business Incubator’ and animal training facility
    • Job creation and additional training opportunities at factory franchises
    • Possible model for other businesses in the ‘franchising’ of manufacturing – which may give impetus to the creation of a ‘second-tier’ industry

    Social Development

    • HAPV’s as intermediate means of transport would have a lasting impact at every socio economical and self-reliant level of rural communities i.e.
    • Empowerment, liberation and independence of women
    • Improvement of general family health and structures
    • Independence and mobility of the disabled, frail and aged
    • Wellbeing of infants, children and school-going learners

    Trade and Industry

    • Rural HAPV manufacturing franchises could be extended to include manufacturing of other essentials i.e. school and church furniture; space-saving home furniture; farming and gardening tools; building equipment and hand tools
    • All the aforementioned could be exported to other Sub-Saharan African countries, particularly where animal traction is on the increase, but related manufacturing has remained rudimentary
    • Serious consideration must be given to the development of the ultimate Afro-centric HAPV wheel i.e. a light-weight wheel of at least one meter in diameter, fitted with a non-deflatable (foam-filled) pneumatic tyre

    Transport

    • HAPV’s as intermediate means of transport, offer a feasible solution for the transport predicament of rural Africa i.e. it can increase transport capacity and reduce human drudgery, without the high costs associated with large motor vehicles; it can negotiate almost any terrain; requires little or no infrastructure; have high return on investment ratios and low maintenance; can be produced by local artisans for diverse applications; can serve as primary transport or easily integrated as ‘feeder’ transport into greater transport networks
    • It constitutes one of the five major components (RTTP) of the Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Program (SSATP), managed by the World Bank and supported by at least 14 SSA states (See below)
    • The development of HAPV’s should be co-sponsored by the Department – and ultimately subsidized as an integral part of the national transport network.

    Water and Forestry

    • HAPV’s could make a major contribution to the provision, distribution and application of water in rural areas
    • Diverse designs could make sizable water containers easily manageable by the young, old, frail and the ailing
    • HAPV’s could provide cost effective transport solutions for mass forestry labour and increase the viability of co-owned plantations


  7. SOUTH AFRICA AS BENEFICIARY


  8. A major benefit for South Africa is that we don’t have to reinvent the wheel. HAPV’s have been in use as intermediate means of transport for hundreds of years worldwide – and its use and feasibility for Sub-Saharan Africa well researched and documented. All we have to do is learn from International and Sub-Saharan experience (See websites below).

    IFRTD
    International Forum for Rural Transport Development

    SSATP (World Bank)
    Sub-Saharan African Transport Policy Program

    RTTP (World Bank)
    Road Travel and Transport Program

    ATNESA
    The Animal Traction Network for Eastern and Southern Africa

    New Agriculturist On-line
    Reporting on agriculture for the 21st Century

    Publications
    www.worldbank.org/afr/ssatp/pubs.htm
    www.atnesa.org/atnesapublications.htm


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IFRTD
International Forum For Rural Transport Development

SSATP
Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program

RTTP
Rural Travel and Transport Program

ATNESA
Animal Traction Network of Eastern and Southern Africa

SANAT
Southern African Network for Animal Traction

THE BROOKE
Healthy Working Animals For the Poorest Communities

KENDAT
Kenya Network for Dissemination of Agricultural Technologies

ARC
Institute for Agricultural Engineering

ANIMAL TRACTION UNIT - University of Fort Hare
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CART HORSE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION
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THE SOCIETY FOR ANIMALS IN DISTRESS
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DONKEY POWER
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ANIMAL TRACTION DEVELOPMENT
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